Driving under influence test inside car will check drivers finger

first_img The envisioned reader of blood alcohol content (BAC) will be small, as part of the button that turns the car on. If the driver is inebriated, the car won’t budge, even after the driver hits this “start” button.TruTouch, is a company that defines its specialty as noninvasive biometric intoxication detection systems. Its product for this automotive application has an infrared light. The optical touch pad transmits light into the skin via direct contact and collects a portion of the light reflected back by the skin. This signal is analyzed to determine the alcohol concentration and verify the user’s identity. The device’s test is said to be as accurate as a blood test. Takata is aiming to get the cost down to approximately $200 each. © 2011 PhysOrg.com (PhysOrg.com) — TK Holdings Inc., a subsidiary of Takata Corporation of Japan, manufacturers of safety belts and airbag modules, will partner with TruTouch Technologies to create an in-car detection device that can tell if the driver is too drunk to drive. The device will check out the driver’s blood alcohol level through the skin of the finger. The finger-scanning device is seen as a nonintrusive but reliable way to keep drunk drivers off the road. Explore further To move the product further into development, the two companies partnering for this device have received a $2.25 million grant from the National Highway Traffic and Safety Administration (NHTSA) through the Driver Alcohol Detection System for Safety (DADSS) and the Automotive Coalition for Traffic Safety (ACTS).As for accuracy, observers say it would be a step up from the breathalyzer test, which can yield false positives. The Takata-TruTouch device could be on the market in eight to ten years. According to the NHTSA, the technology could be voluntarily installed as a new-car option.Skeptics ask if a voluntary, not mandatory, solution of this type will bring any meaningful change in the numbers of road accidents caused by drunk drivers. Nonetheless, supporters say the device may signal a new era in safety against drunk drivers.In 2009, close to 11,000 Americans, or one every 48 minutes, were killed in drunken-driving accidents, or 32% of the country’s total motor vehicle traffic fatalities, according to NHTSA data.As part of further product development efforts, the goal is to reduce processing time and to function not just at room temperature but under hot and cold temperatures and with different humidity and vibration levels. In future, cars might decide if driver is drunk The TruTouch Guardian device. Citation: ‘Driving under influence’ test inside car will check driver’s finger (2011, September 30) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-09-dui-car-drivers-finger.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

Singleinlet electric vehicle charging to showcase in LA

first_img Citation: Single-inlet electric vehicle charging to showcase in LA (2012, May 5) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2012-05-single-inlet-electric-vehicle-showcase-la.html (Phys.org) — Big names in global car manufacturers have announced a common method for charging electric vehicles. The companies are in agreement with a common charging technology for use on electric vehicles in Europe and the United States. The new method will provide special convenience by enabling car owners to charge their EVs using AC or DC from a single inlet. The charging system will allow for both alternating current and faster direct current charging on the same port. Another feature of the new system is that the charge can be done in faster time; a battery charge will take only 15 to 20 minutes. Explore further Seven auto manufacturers collaborate on harmonized electric vehicle fast charging solution Audi, General Motors, BMW, Chrysler, Daimler, Ford, Porsche, and Volkswagen are the automakers who support the technology, which will be showcased next week at the Electric Vehicle Symposium (EVS) in Los Angeles, from May 6 to May 9.The first vehicles to use the system are expected next year. Vehicles are already in development that will be capable of using the new system. The charging solution is titled “DC Fast Charging with a Combined Charging System” or Combined Charging System, for short. An EVS statement says this is a step forward in reducing complexity with its combined AC and DC charging. “One vehicle inlet, one control logic, one communication path, and one electric architecture.” The LA event will show vehicles and charge pumps for the Combined Charging System. According to reports, the system was developed for all international vehicle markets. Uniformity was key, with identical electrical systems, charge controllers, package dimensions and safety mechanisms.Numerous auto blogs point to the announcement as good news for an EV industry trying to achieve wider consumer adoption by coming up with practical solutions for battery charging. Car buyers understandably are skittish about not having available charging opportunities on longer drives or about charging waits. The new method takes15 to 20 minutes to power up a car using a similar standard.The charging system integrates one-phase AC-charging, fast three-phase AC-charging, DC-charging at home and ultra-fast DC-charging at public stations into one vehicle inlet. The International Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) has chosen the Combined Charging System as a standard that incrementally extends existing Type 1-based AC charging The standard is to be officially published this summer. ACEA, the European association of vehicle manufacturers, has chosen the Combined Charging System as its AC/DC charging interface for new vehicle types in Europe as of 2017.According to a Chrysler release, the timeline is as follows: Commercially available combined charging units are projected for later this year. All committed OEMs have vehicles in development that will use the Combined Charging System. The first vehicles to use this system will reach the market in 2013. © 2012 Phys.Org This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

Researchers create 3D stereoscopic color prints with nanopixels

first_img The researchers, led by Professor Joel K.W. Yang, at A*STAR (the Agency for Science, Technology and Research) in Singapore, the National University of Singapore, and the Singapore University of Technology and Design, have published a paper on the new technique for realizing 3D full-color stereoscopic prints in a recent issue of Nature Communications.”We have created possibly the smallest-ever stereoscopic images using pixels formed from plasmonic nanostructures,” Yang told Phys.org. “Such stereoscopic images do not require the viewer to don special glasses, but instead, the depth perception and 3D effect is created simply by viewing the print through an optical microscope coupled with polarizers.”The work is based on the concept of surface plasmon resonance: metal nanostructures can scatter different wavelengths (colors) of light due to the fact that the tiny nanostructures themselves resonate at different wavelengths. If a nanostructure is circular, its resonance is polarization-independent because the diameter of the circle is the same from all directions. However, if a nanostructure is biaxial (such as an ellipse or rectangle), its resonance will depend on the polarization of the incident light. By tailoring the exact dimensions of the biaxial nanopixels, researchers can generate different colors under different polarizations.Building on these ideas, the researchers in the current study have demonstrated that polarization-sensitive nanopixels that encode two sets of information can be used to produce 3D stereoscopic microprints. To do this, the researchers created nanopixels out of tiny pieces of aluminum a hundred or so nanometers across. The scientists experimented with nanopixels in two different shapes: elliptical and coupled nanosquare dimers (a pair of squares separated by a very small gap). This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. To demonstrate how these nanopixels could enable high-resolution 3D color microprints, the researchers designed a stereoscopic image containing stars on a 2D sheet by overlaying two slightly displaced views of the same image onto the same area. Then they added an x- and y-polarizer to the eyepieces of a microscope. Viewing the microprint through this stereomicroscope reveals a different image for each polarization, and the combined images appear as a 3D image.In addition to 3D prints, the polarization-sensitive nanopixels could have several other applications.”One can envision application of these prints to high-density optical information encoding or holography,” Yang said. “3D security elements that are difficult to replicate, and which offer different levels of authentication, could also be generated for anti-counterfeiting and anti-forgery technologies.”The researchers also note that it’s possible to make pixels that can encode not just two, but three or more images in a single pixel. For example, nanostructures that have circularly asymmetric shapes could have more than two polarization-dependent resonances due to the additional circularly polarized dimension. The researchers also plan to take steps toward commercialization.”Moving forward, there is much interest in developing techniques for creating such prints with significantly lower cost and higher throughput, both of which are imperative for this technology to be implementable at an industrial level,” Yang said. More information: Xiao Ming Goh, et al. “Three-dimensional plasmonic stereoscopic prints in full color.” Nature Communications. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms6361 Because these shapes are biaxial, they exhibit plasmonic resonances at different wavelengths for each axis, with the colors determined almost entirely by the dimension of the axis parallel to the polarization direction. For example, a 130-nm x 190-nm elliptical pixel appears green under y-polarized light and purple under x-polarized light. Comparing the two pixel shapes, the researchers found that the elliptical pixels have a broader range of polarization-dependent colors, while the nanosquare dimer pixels have lower levels of cross-talk, minimizing unwanted mixing of colors. Microprints of a square and cross printed onto the same area formed from (a) elliptical nanopixels and (b) coupled nanosquare pixels under x- and y-polarized light. (c) SEM image of the region indicated by the dotted box in (b). (d) Images decoupled by polarizers. (e) Overlay of images in (d) to form a stereoscopic image with depth perception. (f) SEM image of the region indicated by the dotted box in (e). Credit: Xiao Ming Goh, et al. ©2014 Macmillan Publishers Limited Journal information: Nature Communications Citation: Researchers create 3-D stereoscopic color prints with nanopixels (2014, November 20) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2014-11-d-stereoscopic-nanopixels.html Meta-hologram produces dual images and multiple colors (w/ Video) Explore further (Phys.org) —By designing nanopixels that encode two sets of information—or colors of light—within the same pixel, researchers have developed a new method for making 3D color prints. Each pixel can exhibit one of two colors depending on the polarization of the light used to illuminate it. So by viewing the pixels under light of both polarizations, two separate images can be seen. If the two images are chosen to be slightly displaced views of the same scene, viewing both simultaneously results in depth perception and the impression of a 3D stereoscopic image. © 2014 Phys.org (Left) Elliptical and coupled nanosquare pixels scatter different wavelengths of light depending on polarization. (Right) The stereomicroscope setup uses different polarizers on each eyepiece to image two superposed microprints which contain pixels that present two laterally displaced images to the left and right eyes of a viewer, resulting in depth perception. Credit: Xiao Ming Goh, et al. ©2014 Macmillan Publishers Limitedlast_img read more

CRISPR patent wars highlight problem of granting broad intellectual property rights for

first_imgCRISPR-associated protein Cas9 (white) from Staphylococcus aureus based on Protein Database ID 5AXW. Credit: Thomas Splettstoesser (Wikipedia, CC BY-SA 4.0) Citation: CRISPR patent wars highlight problem of granting broad intellectual property rights for tech that offers public benefits (2017, November 17) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2017-11-crispr-patent-wars-highlight-problem.html CRISPR-Cas9 is a cutting-edge gene editing technique. It has been in the news as many researchers are using it to conduct gene editing research. But it has also been in the news because two parties are claiming they invented it. They are the University of California and the Broad Institute. It is believed that patent rights will generate a significant amount of revenue for the ultimate winner of the war due to licensing rights.As Rai and Cook-Degan note, the patent war (or another one like it) has been in the making for several decades due to passage of the Bayh-Dole Act back in 1980, which allowed entities to obtain patents on work done for federally funded research efforts. In the CRISPR war, both parties received funding from NIH and both applied for patents, but the timing is murky. But as the authors also note, something that should not be lost or overlooked in the legal wrangling is the rights of the public. If one party in the war wins, they are set to assume control over who can use the gene editing technique and in which sorts of ways. In granting such full ownership to a single entity, the courts could be hindering genetic research in possibly detrimental ways. What if a team of researchers is making progress on eliminating a genetic disease, for example, but is slowed because it cannot gain licensing to proceed? Innocent people might thus suffer due to a court decision. The authors suggest that the solution is for the courts to move away from granting broad patents in such cases and instead grant narrow patents that allow the holder some rights, but not all, creating a more open system of use for cutting-edge technology. (Phys.org)—Duke University Law professor Arti Rai and bio-technology professor Robert Cook-Deegan with Arizona State University have stepped into the gene editing patent war with an Intellectual Property Policy Forum paper they have had published in the journal Science. They suggest that courts should take more into account than who invented what first in some property rights disputes. With technology, such as CRISPR-Cas9, for example, they argue that some thought (and rights) should to be given to the public as beneficiaries of future research efforts related to that technology. Journal information: Science © 2017 Phys.orgcenter_img Explore further Gene editing patent ruling sways fortune of biotech hopefuls More information: Racing for academic glory and patents: Lessons from CRISPR, Science  17 Nov 2017: Vol. 358, Issue 6365, pp. 874-876, DOI: 10.1126/science.aao2468 , http://science.sciencemag.org/content/358/6365/874SummaryThe much-publicized dispute over patent rights to CRISPR-Cas9 gene-editing technology highlights tensions that have been percolating for almost four decades, since the U.S. Bayh-Dole Act of 1980 invoked patents as a mechanism for promoting commercialization of federally funded research. With the encouragement provided by Bayh-Dole, academic scientists and their research institutions now race in dual competitive domains: the quest for glory in academic research and in the patent sphere. Yet, a robust economic literature argues that races are often socially wasteful; the racing parties expend duplicative resources, in terms of both the research itself and the legal fees spent attempting to acquire patents, all in the pursuit of what may be a modest acceleration of invention. For CRISPR, and future races involving broadly useful technologies for which it may set a precedent, the relationship between these competitive domains needs to be parsed carefully. On the basis of legal maneuvers thus far, it appears that the litigants will try for broad rights; public benefit will depend on courts reining them in and, when broad patents slip through, on updating Bayh-Dole’s pro-commercialization safeguards with underused features of the Act. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

Heaven in a glass

first_imgAs the mercury continued to soar high, Dilli Haat had one ready solution to beat it all. The Sharbat Mela took over the Capital through the 30 May to 1 June weekend as Delhi Tourism opened up stalls at INA Dilli Haat to treat the citizens. The venue witnessed hundreds of visitors walking in to enjoy the drinks on offer and of course the food stalls, that make Dilli Haat a one-stop destination for the Capital’s foodies, had the perfect dishes to accompany the cooling offerings. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’The idea behind organising this mela is to provide Delhiites with a cool, natural escape from the heat. There were a variety of traditional drinks and flavors available at the mela such as thandai, sattu, kokam panna, lassi, jaljeera, chuski, faluda kulfi, lemon, kevda, rose, sandal, mint as well as modern drinks such as mango shake. There are more than 40 different kinds of drinks to treat the visitors and make them forget for a while that it was summer. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixThis year’s special attraction of Sharbat Mela is the organic squashes and juices from Navdanya and Yamu’s Panchayat. There were also drinks made of Ladakh Himalayan Berries, Sea Buckthorn and Rhododendron juice. These juices are refreshing as well as very healthy.  Fruits and plant juices organically grown like Mango, Ginger, Litchi, Pudina Squash were also available at the Sharbat Mela. Apart from enjoying the variety of drinks on offer, various folk dances and cultural programmes were also being organised to keep the crowd entertained as they sipped their drinks and enjoyed the food. There were folk dance performances by Sahitya Kala Parishad every evening during the event. With the advent of Sharbat Mela, the visitors were able to taste some of the most exquisite drinks and soothe themselves. The heat wave took a breather as Delhiites cooled off at Dilli Haat. And now we cannot wait for next year!last_img read more

Nicole Kidman happy to play bad girl

first_imgNicole Kidman says she loves playing the villain in movies because as a child, she was ‘happiest’ pretending to be a villain. ‘I was the kid who loved the wicked witch in ‘The Wizard of Oz’. So, of course, I grew up to be the girl who wants to play the villain in a movie,’ she said.last_img

Bengal panchayat polls Mamatas TMC wins record 34 seats

first_imgIn an unprecedented development, Mamata Banerjee’s Trinamool Congress has bagged 34% seats in yet-to-be conducted Panchayat Polls. There will be no polling in 20,076 seats of the total 58,692 seats in the forthcoming three-tier Panchayat polls in West Bengal because the ruling Trinamool Congress has won at about one-third seats uncontested.last_img

Tea tales

first_imgThe Delhi based artiste Seema Kohli stands poised to gave back to the city, that has given her so much, in her innovative Cutting Chai installation at The NDMC Palate Mini from March 13 -15 at Nehru Park, Chanakyapuri, Delhi’s plush park spread over 80 acres boasting of a dazzling collection of blossoming flowers.The Cutting Chai installation is made of metal servers traditionally called ‘Cheekka’ used to serve tea in rural areas. Chai being the common accomplice to any conversation in all strata holds a very recognisable space. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Says Seema Kohli, “While painting I can hold my conversation intact with my canvas and me. I have used teacups and the idea of tea as a means of introspection, leading to final liberation. It holds an important dialogue between me and my inner, my outer, my social and my spiritual world. Hence the need for this installation.”The Cheekka holds cutting tea glasses with tea lights in it. The size of the installation can be increased or decreased according to the space allotted. The materials used include metal wire, glass, acrylic colour and tea. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixSeema Kohli’s art practice involves various disciplines from drawing, painting, sculptures, installations and performance. The most significant one to emerge is ‘Performance Art’. Decay, hybridisation and transformation: Creating new identity; reshaping belongings; intimacy; a dialogue of matter and memory, all these constitute the language of her work.‘Time’ as a factor, is central to her practice, whether it’s a wrapped object or a performance. She uses time as medium, which is extended, assembled and captured. The aspects of continuity, repetition, vulnerability, duration, temporality, awareness, situation and public involvement are also inherent qualities that inform her art practice. The process before and after the performance is equally important and challenging.last_img read more

Three killed 1 injured in two separate accidents

first_imgKolkata: Three persons were killed and one injured in two separate road accidents in the city on late Tuesday night.Two youth were killed while another sustained critical injuries when the scooter they were riding skidded near Park Clinic nursing home on AJC Bose on late Tuesday night.The deceased have been identified as Ubed Hasan and Afroz Khan. According to police, Hasan was riding the scooter with Khan as pillion. They scooter was at a top speed when Hasan lost control over the scooter near Park Clinic nursing home. According to the preliminary investigation, police said the accident happened when the scooter skidded. The victims, who were not wearing helmets, fell from the scooter and hit the divider. Police suspect that there was accumulated water which might have led to the accident. The biker could not control the scooter as it was at a high speed. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsLocals rushed the victims to a nearby hospital where the duo was declared brought dead. They had critical injuries in their head. While another youth, whose identity is yet to be confirmed by the police, has been undergoing treatment in a hospital with serious injuries. Police said the victims were going to Camac Street area from Narkeldanga on late Tuesday night when the incident occurred.Another incident took place near Muchibazar area of Ultadanag when a youth was knocked down by a speeding vehicle. The victim was trying to cross the road at around 12 am on Tuesday night. The driver of the vehicle fled the spot along with the vehicle after the accident. Police are trying to ascertain the identity of the victim. The incident triggered tension in the area with locals staging a demonstration at the site of the accident.Locals alleged that the victim was lying on the road for quite sometime before he was taken to the hospital by the police. The youth aged between 30-35 was declared brought dead after being taken to a hospital. The incident caused traffic jam in the area for a few minutes. The situation was later brought under control by the senior police officers. Police are yet to identify the vehicle and examining the CCTV footages.last_img read more

13yearold boy found hanging at home in Uttarpara

first_imgKolkata: Mystery shrouds the death of a 13-year-old boy whose body was found at his residence in Uttarpara in a strangulated condition.The incident triggered tension among locals. The family members of the victim, however, alleged that he was murdered following some family rivalry. Police are probing into all possible angles behind the incident. The victim has been identified as Subhojit Jana. He was a class VIII student of Uttarpara Amarendra Vidyapith in Hooghly. The incident took place in Mondalpara area of Uttarpara on Saturday evening when his parents were not Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeat home. According to the preliminary investigation, police suspect that the victim might have been playing with a piece of cloth when the incident occurred. They are also investigating if or not the victim was trying to enact a scene that he might have watched on television. It was learnt from the police sources that when his parents reached home they found that he was lying on the floor with a piece of cloth tied around his neck. They immediately took the victim to Uttarpara State General Hospital where the doctors pronounced him brought dead. The family members of the boy told the police that they suspect foul play behind the incident as there was a family rivalry going on for sometime. They demanded a high-level probe. The senior police officers in the district assured the family members that they are looking into all possible angles. Police have sent the body for an autopsy.last_img read more