Hess leads Cowboys to win over Titans

first_imgFor the fourth week in succession the Titans dawdled out of the blocks and while the Cowboys completed at 100 per cent with 80 per cent of the ball the home side could complete only one of their first four sets of the game.It allowed the Cowboys to race out to a 10-0 lead after 19 minutes but the Titans made good use of the little football that they had to score two tries of their own and actually lead 12-10 after 32 minutes.Tries to Gideon Gela-Mosby on debut and Kalyn Ponga saw the Cowboys take a 20-12 lead into half-time but it wasn’t until two barnstorming efforts from Hess in the space of 10 minutes late in the second half that North Queensland sealed the two competition points.After a perfect first half with the ball the Cowboys’ error rate invited the Titans back into the contest early in the second half and a superb cut-out pass from Tyrone Roberts saw Tyronne Roberts-Davis score millimetres inside the sideline to get his side back within a converted try in the 55th minute.A Kane Elgey grubber that went dead in-goal released the pressure the Titans were mounting heading into the final quarter and after Kyle Feldt got the Cowboys on the front foot from the restart Hess wrestled through the attempted tackle of four Titans defenders to plant the ball with his left hand outstretched in the 61st minute.He was at it again 10 minutes later when with a head of steam and running of Johnathan Thurston Hess steamrolled his way over three Titans players who simply didn’t have the manpower to stop him.Dale Copley completed his Titans debut with a second try in the 75th minute and Daniel Vidot dived on a spilled Ash Taylor bomb as the full-time siren sounded but for the third time this season they simply gave themselves too much work to do after such a poor start.The Titans made a number of changes to their line-up prior to kick-off with Tyrone Roberts shifting from hooker to take the place of Tyler Cornish at fullback and Ryan Simpkins coming into the starting side at dummy-half but they barely got their hands on the football for the first 20 minutes of the game.In the fourth minute a Jake Granville grubber was unable to be grasped by Roberts and Johnathan Thurston did what he always does, following the play to collect the crumbs and open the scoring with his first try of the year.A 5-0 penalty count running the way of the Cowboys enabled Thurston to extend the lead to 10-0 courtesy of two penalty goals from close range but when the tide eventually did turn the Titans had no problems scoring points of their own.Showing remarkable resolve and on the back of an Ash Taylor-earned repeat set the Titans tested the Cowboys’ left-edge defence time and again before a late offload from Leivaha Pulu down the Titans’ left edge allowed Ryan Simpkins to hit Copley out wide, with the new recruit stretching out with the left hand to score just inside the corner post.Earning their second penalty of the half, the Titans ventured into Cowboys territory for only the second time in the game and again came away with the points. A sublime set play that started on the left before switching to the right put Roberts in space who passed off to Pulu and then doubled around to take the return offload to dive over and take an unlikely lead after 32 minutes.The Cowboys were gifted another shot at the Titans courtesy of a Ryan James error and finished their 16th successive set with Ponga and Gela-Mosby reigniting a combination that proved fruitful in the 20s for Gela-Mosby to score on debut.When Gela-Mosby received Ponga’s cut-out pass wide on the left there were plenty of blue shirts ahead of him but he used his blistering speed and evasive skills to elude them all and put his side back in front four minutes from half-time.Ponga sparked another Cowboys raid from the very next set with a break from mid-field and although his first claims to a four-pointer were denied by the Bunker the 18-year-old trailed Thurston in the ensuing set to race across untouched and register his first try in the top grade.North Queensland Cowboys 32 (Coen Hess 2, Johnathan Thurston, Gideon Gela-Mosby, Kalyn Ponga tries; Thurston 6 goals) def. Gold Coast Titans 26 (Dale Copley 2, Tyrone Roberts, Tyronne Roberts-Davis, Daniel Vidot tries; Ashley Taylor 3 goals) at Cbus Super Stadium. Crowd: 17,647. Intrust Super Cup: CQ Capras 30 def. Tweed Heads 16.last_img read more

Tanzania Taifa Stars to hold training session on Friday evening

first_img Tags: AFCON 2019 qualifiersTaifa StarsTanzania Tanzania arrived in the country on Thursday afternoon (file photo)AFCON 2019 qualifiers – Group LUganda Cranes Vs Tanzania Taifa StarsMandela National Stadium, Namboole   Saturday, 8th September 2018 @4:00 PMTanzania will hold a training session on Friday evening after arriving in the country on Thursday.A 30 man delegation led by Nigerian head coach Emmanuel Amunike, is being accommodated at Serena Hotel-Kampala and will hold their final preparation session at 04:00pm.The Taifa Stars will be out to take all three points having drawn their first game at home.Their Coach Amunike has stressed that his side will do all they can in order to take three points on Saturday.“The game with Uganda will be interesting, said Amunike.“We are both fighting to qualify for the Africa Cup of Nations and we shall give our all to win the game.Team captain and star player Mbwana Ally Samatta, who plays his trade at Belgium giants RC Genk is part of the 18 man team of players alongside fellow striking partner Thomas Ulimwengu.The Taifah Stars will tussle it out with Uganda in their second 2019 AFCON qualifier at the Mandela National Stadium in Namboole on Saturday afternoon.Amunike’s men sit third on the Group L log after drawing with Lesotho in the first game.Uganda who defeated Cape Verde 1-0 in their first game are leading the way with three points.Taifa Stars Squad to face Uganda on Saturday:Goalkeepers: Aishi Manula (Simba SC), Benno Kakolanya (Yanga SC) and Mohammed Abdulrahman Wawesha (JKU).Defenders: Hassan Kessy (Nkana FC, Zambia), Abdi Banda (Baroka FC, RSA), David Mwantika (Azam FC), Ally Sonso (Lipuli FC), Paul Ngalema (Lipuli FC), Gardiel Michael (Yanga SC), Kelvin Yondan (Yanga SC), Andrew Vincent ‘Dante’ (Yanga SC) and Aggrey Morris (Azam FC).Midfielders: Himid Mao (Petrojet, Egypt), Salum Kimenya (Tanzania Prisons), Frank Raymond Domayo (Azam FC), Salum Kihimbwa (Mtibwa Sugar), Mudathir Yahya (Azam FC), Farid Mussa (CD Tenerife, Spain) and Simon Msuva (Difaa Hassan El-Jadidi, Morocco).Forwards: Yahya Zayed (Azam FC), Kelvin Sabato (Mtibwa Sugar), Shaaban Iddi Chilunda (CD Tenerife, Spain), Rashid Mandawa (BDF XI, Botswana), Thomas Ulimwengu (El Hilal Omdurman, Sudan) and Mbwana Ally Samatta (KRC Genk, Belgium)Comments last_img read more

How sliced meat drove human evolution

first_img Sign up for our daily newsletter Get more great content like this delivered right to you! Country Email Click to view the privacy policy. Required fields are indicated by an asterisk (*) The most tedious part of a chimpanzee’s life is chewing. Our primate cousins spend 6 hours a day gnashing fruits and the occasional monkey carcass—all made possible by the same type of big teeth and large jaws our early ancestors had. So why are our own teeth and jaws so much smaller? A new study credits the advent of simple stone tools to slice meat and pound root vegetables, which could have dramatically reduced the time and force needed to chew, thus allowing our more immediate ancestors to evolve the physical features required for speech.The reason modern humans are able to spend so little time chewing is that “we eat a much higher quality diet than our ancestors,” says Daniel Lieberman, an evolutionary anthropologist at Harvard University and an author of the new study. Whereas chimpanzees survive mostly on fruit, humans eat foods that pack more nutrients and energy into smaller portion sizes—namely, meat. (Chimps eat some meat, too, mostly in form of hunted monkeys, but it’s not a dietary staple in the way it is for humans, including hunter-gatherers.) Today, cooking helps us make meat easier to eat and digest, but Lieberman thinks our ancestors started eating meat long before they learned how to roast it. There’s evidence that our early ancestors—upright apes called hominins—were regularly eating meat as far back as 2.5 million years ago, but cooking doesn’t seem to become common until 500,000 years ago, Lieberman says. “What did humans do before they regularly had access to cooking?” he wondered.The answer might have come in the form of another innovation that appeared around the same time hominins adopted meat-eating: stone tools. Lieberman teamed up with fellow Harvard evolutionary anthropologist Katherine Zink to investigate how those tools could have changed the kinds of foods hominins could eat. “We chose the simplest forms of processing that we could think of,” Zink explains. For root vegetables like yams and beets, that meant pounding them into a paste, and for meat, it was slicing. Then Zink glued electrodes all over the faces of a few dozen volunteers and tested the amount of time and force required to chew meat and veggies that were either raw and unprocessed, raw and processed with simple slicing or pounding, or cooked.center_img The first thing they discovered was that raw meat is almost impossible to eat if you have human, or even chimpanzeelike, teeth. Modern cows are bred to have soft flesh, so Zink and Lieberman fed their volunteers goat, whose tough meat more accurately mimics that of the wild game early hominins would have eaten. “Eating raw goat is not pleasant,” says Lieberman, who tried out the methods himself. “You chew and you chew and you chew and you chew and nothing happens.” Human teeth simply can’t break up the flesh into smaller pieces we can swallow. “It’s almost like chewing gum,” Zink says. Chimps’ teeth are similarly bad at chewing meat. For our early ancestors, with their chimplike teeth and mouths, eating meat was probably a similarly time- and energy-consuming ordeal.Slicing, whether with a knife or a sharp stone flake, changes all that. Suddenly, hominins could cut up the elastic muscles of a carcass into smaller bits before putting them in their mouths, making them chewable and easier to digest. Pounding has a similar effect on tough, fibrous root vegetables. “What we found is that by simply slicing meat and pounding vegetables, a hominin would be able to reduce the number of chews they use by about 17%,” Zink says. “That equates to 2-and-a-half million fewer chews per year.”Zink and Lieberman, who publish their findings today in Nature, believe that that reduction was more than enough to allow early members of our genus Homo to evolve smaller teeth and jaws. Once early humans didn’t have to spend so much of their lives chewing, big teeth and long jaws stopped providing an advantage—and natural selection could start favoring other traits instead. For example, a smaller snout freed up space for maneuverable lips, a key component in forming words, and also makes the head easier to balance while running, an important skill for hunting. “Simple food processing technologies had a really enormous benefit for the hominins 2-and-a-half million years ago who invented them,” Lieberman says.The study challenges a competing hypothesis that it was cooking that drove the changes in tooth and jaw size. Zink and Lieberman cite archaeological evidence showing that cooking first appeared 1 million years ago and was widespread by about 500,000 years ago. But just because archaeologists haven’t found evidence of cooking and fire pits before that doesn’t mean that early hominins weren’t using them, says Richard Wranghman, a biological anthropologist also at Harvard and leading proponent of what’s known as the cooking hypothesis. “I cannot see how the diets that [Zink and Lieberman] are proposing can explain the combination of smaller chewing [features] and, very importantly, the smaller gut” seen in early members of Homo starting about 1.9 million years ago, he says. “For me the big problem is you need a big gut to be able to ferment the raw plant foods that these animals would have been eating.”Lieberman and Zink say they don’t discount cooking, but instead propose a two-step process: Pounding and slicing provided an initial evolutionary boost to smaller teeth, jaws, and guts; and cooking finished the job later. One thing’s for sure: Modern humans cannot survive on raw goat alone, however finely you slice it. 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