If this political scientist is right, your genes and the environment make you liberal or conservative.Peter Hatemi’s paper in Trends in Genetics was summarized on PhysOrg, “The role of genes in political behavior.”In the past, social scientists had assumed that political preferences were shaped by social learning and environmental factors, but recent studies suggest that genes also strongly influence political traits. Twin studies show that genes have some influence on why people differ on political issues such as the death penalty, unemployment and abortion. Because this field of research is relatively new, only a handful of genes have been implicated in political ideology and partisanship, voter turnout, and political violence.Future research, including gene-expression and sequencing studies, may lead to deeper insights into genetic influences on political views and have a greater impact on public policy.Instead of mere social determinism, Hatemi now argues for social plus environmental determinism. “The emergence of this research has sparked a broad paradigm shift in the study of political behaviors toward the inclusion of biological influences and recognition of the mutual co-dependence between genes and environment in forming political behaviors,” the abstract explains. How Hatemi (a political scientist and molecular biologist at the University of Sydney) exempts himself from these influences enough to write about as if detached from them it is not clear. It’s not clear what constitutes “insight” in such a view. Nor is it clear whose genetically-determined leanings should have sway on public policy.Those who think these are easy questions should look at Douglas Heaven’s entry on New Scientist, “Location of the mind remains a mystery.” Science Daily tries to offer an explanation for how the brain generates consciousness and introspection, but in so doing, reveals the difficulties: “Clearly, neuroscience is only beginning to understand how the human brain can generate a phenomenon as complex as self-awareness.” Any theory that cannot give an account of the location of the mind is surely not ready to explain how genes or the environment influence that mind.Another cure for determinism is David Chalmers’ video posted at Evolution News, where the noted philosopher of mind claims that the “hard problem” of consciousness (how neural circuitry produces conscious experience) will never be solved by science. See also our 8/18/2012 entry, “Mind Your Brain.”Determinists are proud people with a Yoda complex, thinking they live on an exalted plane above their fellow beings, analyzing and explaining them in terms of the materials inside and outside their brains. Pay them no attention; evolution makes them think that way (see Self-Refuting Fallacy and think about it). (Visited 23 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest The economics of today’s agriculture necessitate looking for ways to improve profit margins. Accurate data collected with our precision ag equipment can have tremendous value. Harvest data reveals the results of everything that happened in our fields in any given year. However, data collection is more than just making yield maps; it’s a yearlong process. What type of Information can we collect?Most, if not all, field operations throughout the year can be recorded. This will depend upon the software program but operations such as tillage, planting, chemical and fertilizer applications, scouting data, tile installation and of course harvest data can all be recorded.Field notes and observations are an extremely vital part of the overall process. Keep a notebook containing the boundaries of each field in your truck. Use these maps to record important notes and observations on each trip to the field. Document specific sites for future follow-up visits or to serve as a reminder to check harvest data at these locations. Collect accurate dataData is only useful if it is accurate and it needs to be accurate not only at harvest, but throughout the year. We all have heard the phrase “garbage in, garbage out.” Inaccurate or bad data can have ramifications for many years. What happens if we enter the wrong hybrid or switch hybrids on our planting application map? This data is then used in the fall with yield data to evaluate hybrids. What happens when fertilizer applications are based upon inaccurate yield data?Calibrate, calibrate, calibrate — this is the most essential step in the data collection process, especially if you plan to use the data to make future management decisions. How many of us know someone who doesn’t make the time to calibrate their yield monitor? “Hey, I did it last year?” To have value, data collected for each operation must be accurate. Harvest dataIs the yield monitor just something to look at during harvest or does it serve as a valuable data collection tool? What happens to the data after harvest is over? Is the data utilized to make adjustments or to improve the farming operation? Use the dataVariation exists in each and every field. Some variation occurs naturally within our fields. Other variation is introduced by our activities. Study the data; analyze the data; and question the data. While we certainly cannot answer all of the questions, we can answer some of them. Which hybrids or varieties performed well and which ones need dropped from our lineup? Were there specific field conditions such as rainfall, insect, disease or weed pressures that affected performance? Did certain field characteristics like soil type or topography affect production? Based on our yield results did we apply the proper amount of crop nutrients? Can we use the field specific data to create better soil sampling maps? The list goes on and on. Big dataThis is now the popular term for precision ag data. We have the capabilities of collecting large quantities of data, as much as .85 kilobytes per plant. That may not sound like a lot, but it can add up to 26 megabytes per acre per year. Does your computer have the capability of storing and utilizing large quantities of data?Losing data can be very frustrating. Field specific data cannot be recreated. How often do you backup your data? At the very minimum backup your data monthly. During heavy data collection or analysis periods this might become a daily task.Where are backup files stored? Computer hard drive crashes usually result in data losses. If backups are stored on the same computer, on the same hard drive, they will be lost as well. Back up your data on a portable drive. Store this backup file in a different location such as the shop, toolbox or safe deposit box. Managing precision ag data is a yearlong process. Spending the time to collect accurate data will help to make sure valid data is being utilized in future management decisions.
Shiv Sena president Uddhav Thackeray on Thursday met West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee here, fuelling speculations in political circles.The Sena chief, accompanied by son Aaditya Thackeray, paid a visit to Ms. Banerjee in the afternoon at a south Mumbai hotel where she is staying.Both Shiv Sena and Ms. Banerjee’s Trinamool Congress (TMC) have been at loggerheads with the BJP and the Narendra Modi government on a host of issues, including demonetisation.Ms. Banerjee, who is in the city since Tuesday and expected to return to Kolkata on Friday, met top industrialists and bankers here on Wednesday as part of a roadshow. This comes ahead of the fourth edition of the Bengal Global Business Summit, to be held in Kolkata in January. The Shiv Sena had last year teamed up with the TMC in a bid to take on the BJP over the issue of demonetisation.Mr. Uddhav had told mediapersons in November last year that if there was nothing wrong in Prime Minister Modi meeting (NCP chief) Sharad Pawar, then there was nothing wrong if the Sena held talks with Ms. Banerjee on a crucial issue.
Setting Son Sanjay Gandhi’s death was as sudden as it was violent. It was also self-indulgent. Warned often about his dangerous aerobatics at the Delhi Flying Club, Gandhi pushed his S2-A Pitts biplane too far and too low on that fateful June day. Mrs Gandhi suddenly found herself without her,Setting SonSanjay Gandhi’s death was as sudden as it was violent. It was also self-indulgent. Warned often about his dangerous aerobatics at the Delhi Flying Club, Gandhi pushed his S2-A Pitts biplane too far and too low on that fateful June day. Mrs Gandhi suddenly found herself without her point man and airline pilot Rajiv Gandhi found himself a new career. Sanjay’s death left a big question mark over Delhi skies: would he have given Indian politics the catharsis it so badly needed? Would he have ushered in a one party dictatorship? Would he have become prime minister?The Last LeapIndia won a hockey gold medal at the 1980 Moscow Olympics, beating Spain 4-3 in the finals. This was the last gold India would ever win at the Games, in both individual and team events.”YOU CAN’T SHAKE HANDS WITH A CLENCHED FIST.”-Indira GandhiShe saw her plans pan out immaculately as the Charan Singh government collapsed even before it was able to get to its feet. With the incumbent Janata Party fractured by infighting and losing credibility before the public with its incessant anti-Indira rhetoric, all the former prime minister had to do to bring the house of cards crashing down was coin a classic line like “Choose a Government that Works” to seal the fate of her opponents.”I do not mind if today somebody regards the Bharatiya Janata Party as a Hindu party.”-L.K. ADVANI about the newly-formed BJP. Anger RightGovind Nihalani gave a hint of thingsto come with his directorial debut, Aakrosh. The film, featuring the art frat including Om Puri, Naseeruddin Shah, Smita Patil and Amrish Puri,was based on a true story that was adapted for screen by Marathiplaywright Vijay Tendulkar. The hard-hitting film established Nihalanias a no-nonsense direct.56 per cent of Indian women were in the age group of 15 to 19. The figure was higher than in many developed countries, where it was 39 per cent. This, despite India’s infant mortality rate being a high 113 per 1,000 live births.Elesewhere…Yugoslav President Tito died and the funeral ceremony saw more than 140 state delegations in Belgrade from all over the world.The Summer Olympic Games kicked off in Moscow. Sixty-six nations, including the US, Canada, West Germany and Japan, boycotted the games in protest against the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.Former Beatle John Lennon died after being shot outside the Dakota Entrance of his New York City home, by Mark David Chapman, a deranged fan who had taken his autograph earlier in the day.First CutPrakash Padukone became the first Indian to win the prestigious All England Open badminton title when he beat Indonesian Liem Swie King. It was the only All England finals that King lost between 1978 and 1981. In 1981, Padukone faltered in his title defence, as King proved too good and too steady to be beaten at the pinnacle of the sport once again.Did You KnowOn June 24, just a day after the death of Sanjay Gandhi, President V.V. Giri also passed away in Chennai at the age of 85. A national mourning was declared after the twin tragedies.advertisement
McAlpine defends views on Dominica, says he is simply representing the views of his constituents Related Items:Dominica, lime, relief fund, tropical storm erika Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsApp Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsAppProvidenciales, 07 Sept 2015 – Cable & Wireless Communications has established a regional relief fund via texting for the island of Dominica, following the devastation caused by the passage of Tropical Storm Erika. The deadly storm left its mark on Dominica resulting in more than $225 million dollars in damage to infrastructure, in particular roads and bridges. John Reid, President, C&W Consumer Group extended heartfelt sympathies, and reaffirmed support for the people of Dominica in the recovery effort. Across the Caribbean and the Bahamas, customers can now simply Text the word “HELP” to donate funds to the Dominica Relief Initiative: All proceeds generated from this C&W initiative will be donated to the Government of Dominica Disaster relief efforts. Post Maria: Dominica will rebuild with concrete Recommended for you 27 dead, a dozen missing in Dominica after hurricane Maria
In this file photo taken on 8 May White House press secretary Sarah Sanders speaks to the press in the driveway of the White House in Washington, DC. Photo: AFPUS president Donald Trump on Thursday announced the surprise departure of his spokeswoman Sarah Sanders, after a combative tenure that saw her all-but-kill off traditional White House briefings to journalists.Sanders has been one of Trump’s most loyal foot soldiers, almost constantly at his side during his tumultuous two and a half years at the White House and during the campaign before.Trump announced her exit in a tweet and did not name a replacement.”After 3 1/2 years, our wonderful Sarah Huckabee Sanders will be leaving the White House at the end of the month and going home to the Great State of Arkansas,” Trump said, adding that he hoped she would run for governor of her state.Sharp, sometimes acid-tongued, Sanders has not been prone to the almost comic slip-ups that embarrassed predecessors in the job, such as short-lived Trump spokesman Anthony Scaramucci.But she has earned a reputation for bruising clashes with journalists whom she finds over-critical — often echoing her boss’s attacks on unfavorable coverage as “Fake News.”At a White House event Thursday on reintegration into society for ex-prisoners, Trump interrupted proceedings to summon the “warrior” Sanders from the audience and lavish praise on her record.Calling her “a friend, a woman, a great, great magnificent person,” Trump said, “she’s very popular.”In fact, Sanders, 36, has a sometimes bitter relationship with the White House press corps and is seen as responsible for the demise of the formal daily briefing — practically an institution under previous presidents.Pressed during one particularly combative briefing to distance herself from Trump’s characterization of the media as the “enemy of the people,” Sanders refused.The last time she took to the podium for a back-and-forth with reporters in the White House briefing room was 11 March. Instead, she communicates largely through interviews on the president’s favorite TV network Fox News and short, informal briefings with other journalists outdoors.She has also been accused of telling repeated lies to reporters, although she denies this.Despite Sanders’ damaged reputation in media circles, there had been no hint from the administration that her exit was imminent.Sanders’ father Mike Huckabee is a former Republican governor of Arkansas, making her something of a member of conservative royalty.No tearsCalled up to the microphone by Trump at the ex-prisoners’ event, a visibly emotional Sanders said she would “try not to get emotional, because I know crying can make us look weak.”In a brief address, the spokeswoman praised Trump and her colleagues at the White House, saying she “loved every minute” of the job.”I’m going to continue to be one of the most outspoken and loyal supporters of the president and his agenda and I know he’s going to have an incredible six more years and get a lot more done,” she said.She made no mention of the media or the role of journalists at the White House.Although Sanders is often blamed for the White House’s killing off of the press briefing, she has been serving a president who from the start decided to tear up the media playbook.With Trump communicating directly via Twitter and other social media to tens of millions of people every day, the traditional role of a press office putting out statements has become partly redundant.And while journalists now rarely hold the administration’s feet to the fire in the calm, organized setting of the briefing room, they have extraordinary access to Trump himself.Weekly, the president holds his own impromptu briefings in the Oval Office or out on the South Lawn before boarding his Marine One helicopter. In contrast to real press conferences, these occasions can be chaotic and are rarely carried on live television.Sanders may not speak much, but she is always there — in the background.