With the onset of rains, no fresh AES case has been reported in Muzaffarpur district on Sunday even as the health department cracked its whip on a doctor who was asked to report for duty in the brain fever-affected district, but failed to comply.Dr. Bhimsen Kumar, a senior resident doctor at the Patna Medical College Hospital, had been directed to report at the SKMCH Muzaffarpur by June 19.“He failed to do so and the department has taken a serious note of the lapse. He has been placed under suspension pending a departmental inquiry upon conclusion of which further action may be taken,” Principal Secretary, Health, Sanjay Kumar said. Meanwhile, Sri Krishna Medical College Hospital (SKMCH) superintendent, Sunil Kumar Shahi said “AES is known to strike when the summer heat is at its peak and the incidences plummet no sooner than rainfalls lash the area. The same is happening this time and no child has been admitted during the day so far with the complaint even though AES patients, who have been nursed back to recovery, are being discharged continuously.”The Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES) outbreak, which according to the state health department has affected about 20 out of the 40 districts in the State, has afflicted more than 600 children since June 1, killing close to 140. The high number of deaths this year has been mostly attributed to hypoglycemia.
E-love: According to The Wall Street Journal, venture capitalists still love the Net, if only a little less. Investment in Internet companies by venture capital firms fell in the second quarter of 2000 to $14.75 billion, down from $15.39 billion in the first quarter. But that is still more than,E-love: According to The Wall Street Journal, venture capitalists still love the Net, if only a little less. Investment in Internet companies by venture capital firms fell in the second quarter of 2000 to $14.75 billion, down from $15.39 billion in the first quarter. But that is still more than the amount invested in the first half of 1999.Olympic Surprise: Thought the Net was supreme? Well, you have to wait a while: TV still rules, OK? Olympic officials have banned Internet video and audio transmissions from Sydney to avoid usurping TV’s broadcast rights. But you can still track the games through Olympics.com and a host of other sports sites. The exclusive Olympics site at indiatoday. comgoes up soon so watch that space as well.India View: It’s getting better. The Gartner Group’s SHARP (Surfing Habits Advertising Research and Purchase) latest outlook for India (3,000 respondents in seven metros) says it has the highest Net user growth rate in Asia-Pacific. But e-business is still low, with only a little over 2 per cent of users having paid online. Part of the reason is problems with setting up confidentiality of card transactions on the Net. The good news: a fifth of those who haven’t bought anything on the Net say they want to. There was more good news last week from a study on e-commerce by Taylor Nelson Sofres Interactive. Its 27-country survey across Europe, Asia-Pacific and North America ranked India 17 among on-line shoppers, on par with Malaysia and Singapore and ahead of Taiwan.
Brazil, the World Cup host and the clear favorite (in our view), will start off the tournament Thursday with a match against Croatia. Soon after, 30 other countries will take to the pitch with varying prospects of achieving their World Cup dreams. See the FiveThirtyEight World Cup predictions for more on that.But first: a brief tour of World Cup history. We wanted to answer a few basic questions: How often do favorites win? How often do host nations win? Is the spread of soccer talent throughout the world becoming more top-heavy or more even?The 20 charts below provide some answers. They rank each team that entered the World Cup based on its Elo ratings before the tournament.These Elo ratings, which were adopted from a system developed for chess, have relatively little meaning in an absolute sense. We could say, for example, that Italy has an Elo rating of 1879 — but it’s not clear what you’d do with that.The Elo system is set up such that the average team has a rating of 1500. There are more than 200 countries that field national soccer teams, however, so being average (as Cape Verde or Trinidad and Tobago are, according to Elo) won’t normally get a team into the World Cup field, much less win it the trophy.So instead we’ve compared each team’s rating with that of the 32nd-best team in the world, according to Elo (whether or not team No. 32 qualified for the World Cup), at the time the World Cup began.1We only collected Elo ratings data on the teams that qualified for the World Cup. Sometimes, the team ranked No. 32 in the world was not among them. Therefore, we extrapolated the rating for the No. 32 team by looking at others ranked close to that threshold — for example, by taking the average of the Nos. 30 and 34 teams’ Elo ratings if both teams qualified. The 32nd-best team has gotten quite a bit better over the years, having gone from an Elo rating of 1540 in 1930, to one of 1707 this year. (The 32nd-best team in the world is currently Costa Rica, according to Elo.) Of course, the field has also expanded — from 13 teams in 1930 to 32 in World Cups played since 1998.The charts include one other important adjustment: We’ve given a 100-point bonus, in accordance with the Elo system’s recommended value, to the host nation.2This adjustment may be too conservative, especially for the earlier years of the competition.The 1930 World Cup, the first on our tour, was one where the home-nation adjustment makes a difference. Held in Uruguay, it was composed mostly of teams from the Americas; few European nations were willing to make the journey. Argentina and Uruguay were the two best teams in the field by some margin, with Argentina just slightly ahead in the Elo ratings. But Uruguay’s home-nation status was enough to make it the favorite. The two met in the finals in Montevideo, with Uruguay winning 4-2. More surprising: The United States and Yugoslavia won their groups and advanced to the semifinal, ahead of the higher-rated Brazil and Paraguay.Italy played host to the 1934 World Cup. Several South American teams, including Uruguay, declined to participate, as did the countries of the United Kingdom. Overall, however, the field was deeper and had more parity than four years earlier. Italy, Argentina and Austria would essentially have been co-favorites before the tournament began, with Italy slightly ahead on the basis of the home-country effect. Indeed, Italy won.Italy was also the favorite in the 1938 World Cup, which was played in France under the cloud of creeping European fascism. Italy was a clear favorite because Argentina, No. 2 in the Elo ratings at the time and disappointed that Europe had hosted two World Cups in a row, refused to participate. Italy won, keeping the streak alive for Elo favorites.But when the World Cup returned in 1950 after a 12-year hiatus because of World War II and its aftermath, there was a surprise in store. Brazil hosted the tournament and, with its home-country boost, would have been the slight favorite per Elo. But it was a deep field — with England participating for the first time, and strong entrants from Italy, Sweden and several other countries (although Argentina again declined to enter). Uruguay, just the ninth-best team in the field, according to Elo, prevailed in a famous upset.We’ll accelerate our pace a bit now that we’ve gotten the hang of this. The 1954 World Cup, held in Switzerland, featured another famous upset in the final, with West Germany defeating heavily favored Hungary in the so-called Miracle of Bern.The 1958 World Cup featured a deep and competitive field. Hungary or Argentina would probably have been the favorite, but Brazil and England were not far behind them. Brazil won for the first time.This touched off Brazil’s golden era, helmed by its star Pelé. The team entered the 1962 World Cup in Chile as the favorite, and it won — marking the last time a team has won two consecutive World Cups.By 1966, Brazil’s Elo rating had slipped closer to the rest of the world. Among a deep group of contenders, England would have been the Elo favorite because of its host-nation status. And just this once, England won.The 1970 World Cup, held in Mexico, featured one of the deepest fields ever. England was nominally the favorite again, according to Elo, but five other countries were within 100 points of it — including the eventual winner, Brazil.The 1974 World Cup, by contrast, had a relatively clear favorite. West Germany and Brazil were the best teams in the world by some margin, but West Germany, led by Franz Beckenbauer and having built momentum by winning the 1972 European Championships, played host to the tournament and won.The 1978 World Cup, held in and won by Argentina, is one of the least fondly remembered. Argentina was ruled by a military junta, which had come to power in 1976 after the overthrow of Isabel Perón. That World Cup has also long been associated with accusations of match-fixing. Was Argentina’s home-country advantage, for whatever reason, larger than usual? It’s hard to say; Argentina was a good team on its football merits, and the customary 100-point home-country boost would have put it in a group of front-runners that included West Germany, the Netherlands and Brazil.Spain hosted the World Cup in 1982; West Germany and Brazil would have been the favorites, according to Elo. Instead, it was Italy — just the 12th-best team in the field — that won.The 1986 World Cup initiated an era of relative parity. It would have been hard to pick a favorite: 14 teams, including the host, Mexico, were stacked within 140 Elo points of one another, and they weren’t that far ahead of some of the also-rans. Argentina won, not uncontroversially, on Diego Maradona’s “Hand of God” goal.The 1990 World Cup also featured a fairly flat distribution of talent, although the host, Italy, would have been the nominal favorite on the basis of the home-country advantage. West Germany won instead after a low-scoring and poorly played World Cup.The World Cup returned to the Americas in 1994, when it was held in the United States. This was perhaps the first time that the host nation had no real chance of winning; the U.S. was rated as just the 18th-best team, despite its home-country boost. Much like the 1986 tournament, there was a large group of good-but-not-great teams atop the field. The Brazilian team, led by Romário and Bebeto, won in Pasadena, California, after Roberto Baggio’s penalty kick sailed over the crossbar.The 1998 World Cup featured co-favorites, according to Elo: France and Brazil were tied in Elo entering the tournament (after giving France its 100-point home-country bonus). Those two teams met in the final, and France won 3-0.The 2002 World Cup, co-hosted by Japan and South Korea, was one of the oddest tournaments. France was the best team entering the tournament, according to Elo, but it went winless in the group stage. The final featured some customary names — Brazil and Germany, with Brazil winning — but neither the Brazilian or German teams were especially strong by the Elo ratings. Turkey took third place despite being just the 23rd-best team in the field.The 2006 World Cup also featured a great deal of parity, with at least 10 plausible winners, including the host, Germany. It was Italy who prevailed over France on penalties in a final remembered for Zinedine Zidane’s headbutt.The past two World Cups, however, have seen a reversal in the trend of greater equality among footballing nations. Brazil and Spain entered the 2010 World Cup in South Africa as the front-runners, with Brazil just two points ahead of Spain in Elo entering the tournament. In the final, Spain defeated the Netherlands, ranked third in the world per Elo.That brings us back, finally, to this year’s tournament. Here are the Elo ratings, and then a few closing observations.Brazil is the best team in the world, according to Elo, as it is in our Soccer Power Index. There have been several other times when a home country was close enough to the top in Elo that it would have been the favorite after accounting for its home-country bonus. However, this is the first time the No. 1-ranked Elo team also played host.That gives Brazil a significant edge on the rest of the field. In fact, the 506-point gap between Brazil (accounting for its home-country bonus) and the 32nd-best team in the world (Costa Rica) is the largest ever in the World Cup. The 127-point gap between Brazil and the second-best team, Spain, is the second-largest after Italy in 1938.That’s not to say Spain, Argentina and Germany are poor teams. Spain’s Elo rating — 379 points ahead of the No. 32 team — would have made it the favorite in any World Cup played from 1986 through 2010. Argentina and Germany are strong enough that they would have been the favorites in a number of recent World Cups as well. Any of them would be a worthy champion, but they’ll have to get by Brazil.
Prev Next Email Angela Aguilar, Aida Cuevas & Natalia Lafourcade Sang A Powerful Rendition Of “La Llorona” At The 2019 GRAMMY Premiere Ceremony 61st GRAMMY Awards: Full Nominees & Winners List 61st GRAMMY Awards Relive GRAMMY Week 2019 In Pictures Backstage At The 2019 GRAMMYs | Photo Gallery Facebook 5 Ways BTS Won Our Hearts At The 2019 GRAMMYs 61st GRAMMYs: Here’s Your Apple Music Playlist Brandi Carlile, H.E.R. To Play The 61st GRAMMYs The three women graced the stage immediately prior to the 61st GRAMMY Awards on Sunday, Feb. 10 on CBSRachel BrodskyGRAMMYs Feb 10, 2019 – 3:32 pm Three immensely talented women took the 2019 GRAMMY Premiere Ceremony stage on Sunday, Feb. 10: 15-year-old nominee Angela Aguilar, who is nominated for Best Regional Mexican Music Album, took the stage with Aida Cuevas and Natalia Lafourcade performed “La Llorona” (translated to “The Weeping Woman.” Cardi B, Post Malone Among 2019 GRAMMYs Performers Who Will Voters Pick For Best Pop Album? BTSPhoto: Kevin Mazur/Getty Images Who Will Voters Pick For Best Latin Pop Album? Photo: Michael Loccisano/Getty Images Photo: studioEAST/Getty Images Meet The GRAMMY Man: How GRAMMYs Are Made 61st GRAMMYs: Here’s Your Apple Music Playlist In Latin American folklore, “La Llorona” is said to be the ghost of a woman who lost her children and cries while searching for them in the river, which ultimately causes misfortune to those who are near or hear her. “Ranchera music does something to you that I don’t think a lot of genres can do,” Aguilar told the Recording Academy in an exclusive interview. “Some songs are made to listen to in the background, some songs are [made] just to dance to, some songs are [made for you] to feel something and I feel like almost every ranchera song is made for you to feel something.”Meet The First-Time GRAMMY Nominee: Angela Aguilar On Her Culture And Family LegacyWatch the 61st GRAMMY Awards on Sunday, Feb. 10 on CBS. Record Of The Year 61st GRAMMY Award Nominees 5 Ways BTS Won Our Hearts At The 2019 GRAMMYs 2019 GRAMMY Awards Premiere Ceremony Kacey MusgravesPhoto: Kevin Mazur/Getty Images Meet The GRAMMY Man: How GRAMMYs Are Made Who Will Voters Pick For Best Pop Album? 2019 GRAMMY Awards Red Carpet Who Will Voters Pick For Best Rap Performance? 2019 GRAMMY Awards Red Carpet Amy Winehouse Best New Artist winner for 2007 | Photo: Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images Who Is Eligible For The Best New Artist GRAMMY? 2019 GRAMMY Awards Telecast | Photo Gallery Photo: studioEAST/Getty Images Artists React To Their 2019 GRAMMY Nominations Photo: Michael Loccisano/Getty Images John BillingsPhoto: Jesse Grant/WireImage/Getty Images Meet The GRAMMY Man: How GRAMMYs Are Made Who Will Voters Pick For Best Latin Pop Album? NETWORK ERRORCannot Contact ServerRELOAD YOUR SCREEN OR TRY SELECTING A DIFFERENT VIDEO Feb 10, 2019 – 3:34 pm Natalia Lafourcade “La Llorona”:GRAMMY Performance Brandi Carlile, H.E.R. To Play The 61st GRAMMYs Photo: studioEAST/Getty Images BTSPhoto: Kevin Mazur/Getty Images News Record Of The Year 61st GRAMMY Award Nominees Poll: Who Do You Want To See On The Red Carpet? Amy Winehouse Best New Artist winner for 2007 | Photo: Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images 61st GRAMMY Awards: Full Nominees & Winners List John BillingsPhoto: Jesse Grant/WireImage/Getty Images Photo: Michael Loccisano/Getty Images 2019 GRAMMY Awards Telecast | Photo Gallery Cardi BPhoto: Dan MacMedan/WireImage Read more Brandi Carlile, H.E.R. To Play The 61st GRAMMYs Record Of The Year 61st GRAMMY Award Nominees John BillingsPhoto: Jesse Grant/WireImage/Getty Images TLC Photo: Alison Buck/Getty Images 5 Ways BTS Won Our Hearts At The 2019 GRAMMYs Who Will Voters Pick For Best Latin Pop Album? Relive GRAMMY Week 2019 In Pictures Backstage At The 2019 GRAMMYs | Photo Gallery Twitter Poll: Who Do You Want To See On The Red Carpet? TLC Photo: Alison Buck/Getty Images Poll: Who Do You Want To See On The Red Carpet? Lady GagaPhoto: Christopher Polk/Getty Images Cardi BPhoto: Dan MacMedan/WireImage Artists React To Their 2019 GRAMMY Nominations Best New Artist Nominees Revealed | 61st GRAMMYs H.E.R.Photo by Prince Williams/Wireimage 2019 GRAMMY Awards Premiere Ceremony Artists React To Their 2019 GRAMMY Nominations Best New Artist Nominees Revealed | 61st GRAMMYs Who Will Voters Pick For Best Rap Performance? Watch Angela Aguilar At The Premiere Ceremony angela-aguilar-aida-cuevas-natalia-lafourcade-sang-powerful-rendition-la-llorona-2019 Who’s Nominated For Song Of The Year? Poll: Who Will Voters Choose For Best Rap Album? Who Will Voters Choose For Best Alternative Album? Best New Artist Nominees Revealed | 61st GRAMMYs TLC Photo: Alison Buck/Getty Images 61st GRAMMY Awards: Full Nominees & Winners List 61st GRAMMYs: Here’s Your Apple Music Playlist H.E.R.Photo by Prince Williams/Wireimage BTSPhoto: Kevin Mazur/Getty Images Cardi B, Post Malone Among 2019 GRAMMYs Performers Cardi BPhoto: Dan MacMedan/WireImage Album Of The Year vs. Record Of The Year Explained 2019 GRAMMY Awards Red Carpet Who Will Voters Pick For Best Rap Performance? Amy Winehouse Best New Artist winner for 2007 | Photo: Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images Album Of The Year Nominees | 61st GRAMMY Awards Album Of The Year vs. Record Of The Year Explained Album Of The Year Nominees | 61st GRAMMY Awards 2019 GRAMMY Awards Premiere Ceremony Who Will Voters Pick For Best Pop Album? Who Will Voters Choose For Best Alternative Album? Album Of The Year vs. Record Of The Year Explained Poll: Who Will Voters Choose For Best Rap Album? Kacey MusgravesPhoto: Kevin Mazur/Getty Images Lady GagaPhoto: Christopher Polk/Getty Images Who Is Eligible For The Best New Artist GRAMMY? H.E.R.Photo by Prince Williams/Wireimage Who Will Voters Choose For Best Alternative Album? Who’s Nominated For Song Of The Year? Kacey MusgravesPhoto: Kevin Mazur/Getty Images Cardi B, Post Malone Among 2019 GRAMMYs Performers Who’s Nominated For Song Of The Year? Relive GRAMMY Week 2019 In Pictures 2019 GRAMMY Awards Telecast | Photo Gallery Who Is Eligible For The Best New Artist GRAMMY? Poll: Who Will Voters Choose For Best Rap Album? Lady GagaPhoto: Christopher Polk/Getty Images Backstage At The 2019 GRAMMYs | Photo Gallery Album Of The Year Nominees | 61st GRAMMY Awards
Here was the embankment that had saved Kutubdia from different cyclonic stroms over the years. Photo: Jewel SheelBoth local and foreign investors are keen to set up industries in Kutubdia island while the government also has similar plans. However, environmentalists warn unplanned growth of industries may destroy the environment and biodiversity of the island.Coastal islands like Maheskhali, Kutubdia, Sonadia and St Martin’s are sanctuaries for amphibians and aquatic animals. There are four to five species of dolphins and two species of tortoise that are on the verge of extinction.Director general of the Department of Environment (DoE), AKM Rafique Ahammed, told Prothom Alo, “Those who want to set up industries in the island have to get an approval. If any of the industries poses a risk to the environment, it has to carry out Environment Impact Assessment (EIA).”According to Petrobangla, local company Beximco has sought 700 acres of land to the power, energy and mineral resources ministry. Beximco in its website said the island would be its centre of investment for the energy sector.Bangladesh Economic Zone Authority (BEZA) also wants to establish an economic zone in the island.Two Indian companies dealing with Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) have shown their interest to set up terminals in Kutubdia as well, as did another Indonesian company.Petrobangla officials said investors in the energy sector are also showing interest in Kutubdia.The government is constructing a sea port at Matharbari. Once it is done, large vessels carrying heavy machinery will be able to berth at the Matarbari seaport and it would be a suitable place to establish an LNG terminal. Kutubdia is four kilometers away from Matarbari. This will facilitate bringing in raw materials and LNG containers.Kutubdia upazila chairman Faridul Islam Chowdhury said there is no electricity in the area and most of the embankments are damaged. After the cyclonic storm in 1991, many people left Kutubdia. Some are still leaving, too.He said the prime minister had pledged that electricity will be available by 2020.Local people get employment opportunities if industries are set up, he further said, arguing that they will not leave.Shahera Begum lives in a hut near Kutubdia island. While talking to this correspondent on 27 December 2018, she had said her house would be protected due to the embankment despite the fury of the sea.After the cyclonic storm Fani had hit the island on 4 May, a fisherman of the island said a portion of the embankment was engulfed by the sea. However, Shahera’s cottage survived. But it is now at risk of erosion.A big portion of Kutubdia island was engulfed by the Bay of Bengal and the embankments were damaged by the storms one after another. The residents of the island are leaving their ancestral houses, crop fields and fish enclosures. Where they are settling anew, they are naming the place ‘Kutubdiapara’.According to the local administration, these people are settling at Cox’s Bazar Sadar, Maheskhali, Ramu, Chakaria, Dulahazara and Kekua, Khagrachhari, Bandarban, Rangamati Sadar and Chattogram Sadar and Anwara upazila.The lighthouse which had been giving light to sailors since 1848 it broke down during the cyclone of 1991. The administration did not take any steps to this end. People have now started living in the area named ‘Lighthousepara’.Life and riskOne has to go to Kutubdia from Magnama Ghat of Pekua Upazila of Cox’s Bazar by trawler. There is a small bazaar one kilometre away from the ghat. Fish and salt are sold in the market here. One can see the towers of windmills few kilometres later.There is no boundary around the power plants set up on nearly eight acres of land. The security system is not up to the standard while electricity supply is not more than one megawatt. A total of 350 families receive electricity for seven to eight hours a day. There is also a solar and a diesel-powered power station. Only 12 per cent of the islanders get electricity.There have been bumper production of both salt and rice this year. More than 700 tonnes of salt were produced in about 7,000 acres of land. The farmers are, however, worried for its low price. Again, the paddy invented for salty lands by the scientists had a good yield. But the rice prices are also low.Four researchers from two US universities published a research report on geographical changes in Kutubdia in 2017. The study says the size of the island was 77 square kilometres in 1972, but it shrunk to 68 square kilometres in 2013.Meanwhile, a study carried out by the Center for Environmental and Geographic Information Services (CEGIS), a government agency, says the total area of Kutubdia island was about 100 square kilometres in 1840. As many as 40 square kilometres of the lands were reduced due to erosion. Upazila administration data also give similar impression.Rezaul Karim Chowdhury, executive director of Coast Trust, an organisation working on coastal development, said due to erosion and lack of damns the island and the residents’ lives are at stake.”Scattered plans will not help to protect this island. We need an inclusive plan. The problem will increase if the residents are displaced,” he added.As per the upazila administration data, there was a 40-kilometre embankment around the island. Half of the damn collapsed in the 1991 cyclone. It was reduced to eight kilometres by the onslaught of the cyclone Sidr, Aila, Roanu, Mahasen and the latest Fani. As a result, a large part of the island goes under water in regular tide.Upazila Nirbahi Officer (UNO) Dipak Kumar Roy said he has requested the Water Development Board to repair the damn as soon as possible.The water level of the sea is very high at the moment. It should be kept in mind while repairing the embankments, he added.Secretary to the Ministry of Water Resources, Kabir Bin Anwar, said the ministry had decided to repair and rebuild the damns.Also, mangrove forests will be created to protect the coast as the Ministry of Forest and Environment and the directorate will remain responsible to protect the biodiversity of the island.According to Kutubdia upazila administration, every year there is erosion in different places of the island in normal tide. Two years ago the island’s population was about 300,000. It is less than half now.Another 5,000 people have been left vulnerable due to cyclone Fani, he added.Ishtiaq Uddin Ahmed, former country director for the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), stressed the need for rehabilitating the residents of the island.”Local residents must be protected before any project is implemented there and erosion must be stopped, too,” he said.”Otherwise, being one of the vital source of salt and fishes, the island, its inhabitants and the proposed investment will be in danger,” he observed.”Coastal islands like Kutubdia protect the country from the initial strike of storm surge. Before upgrading it to an industrial area, it’s overall wellbeing has to be kept in mind,” Inshtiaq further said.*This report, originally published in Prothom Alo’s print edition, has been rewritten in English by Rabiul Islam and Farjana Liakat.