If this political scientist is right, your genes and the environment make you liberal or conservative.Peter Hatemi’s paper in Trends in Genetics was summarized on PhysOrg, “The role of genes in political behavior.”In the past, social scientists had assumed that political preferences were shaped by social learning and environmental factors, but recent studies suggest that genes also strongly influence political traits. Twin studies show that genes have some influence on why people differ on political issues such as the death penalty, unemployment and abortion. Because this field of research is relatively new, only a handful of genes have been implicated in political ideology and partisanship, voter turnout, and political violence.Future research, including gene-expression and sequencing studies, may lead to deeper insights into genetic influences on political views and have a greater impact on public policy.Instead of mere social determinism, Hatemi now argues for social plus environmental determinism. “The emergence of this research has sparked a broad paradigm shift in the study of political behaviors toward the inclusion of biological influences and recognition of the mutual co-dependence between genes and environment in forming political behaviors,” the abstract explains. How Hatemi (a political scientist and molecular biologist at the University of Sydney) exempts himself from these influences enough to write about as if detached from them it is not clear. It’s not clear what constitutes “insight” in such a view. Nor is it clear whose genetically-determined leanings should have sway on public policy.Those who think these are easy questions should look at Douglas Heaven’s entry on New Scientist, “Location of the mind remains a mystery.” Science Daily tries to offer an explanation for how the brain generates consciousness and introspection, but in so doing, reveals the difficulties: “Clearly, neuroscience is only beginning to understand how the human brain can generate a phenomenon as complex as self-awareness.” Any theory that cannot give an account of the location of the mind is surely not ready to explain how genes or the environment influence that mind.Another cure for determinism is David Chalmers’ video posted at Evolution News, where the noted philosopher of mind claims that the “hard problem” of consciousness (how neural circuitry produces conscious experience) will never be solved by science. See also our 8/18/2012 entry, “Mind Your Brain.”Determinists are proud people with a Yoda complex, thinking they live on an exalted plane above their fellow beings, analyzing and explaining them in terms of the materials inside and outside their brains. Pay them no attention; evolution makes them think that way (see Self-Refuting Fallacy and think about it). (Visited 23 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
The sights and sounds associated with an Olympic Games are very different from any other sporting event in the world.The Olympics are the mother of all sporting events and nothing else even comes close to matching the scale — on or off the field of play.Even when an athlete finishes his or her competition, they can stay at the Games Village till the end of the Games and take in the sights and sounds on display, not to mention watching other athletes strut their stuff against the world’s best.While a lot of Indian athletes, such as bronze medal-winning shuttler Saina Nehwal as well as bronze and silver medal winning shooters, Gagan Narang and Vijay Kumar, have gone back home after the completion of their events, some have stayed back.Indian discus thrower Krishna Poonia is one such athlete who has stayed back — not only watch others compete, but cheer for her contingent.Poonia, who finished seventh in the discus final, enjoyed watching the men’s 100 meters final last week. A couple of days later, she came to the Excel Arena with her husband-cum-coach to cheer for Indian boxing star Vijender Singh.
Two days after betting rackets were busted in Delhi and Kanpur, six more bookies have been arrested with Rs 70,000 from Ghaziabad in connection with the Indian Premier League (IPL) betting.The police caught the six bookies red-handed along with Rs 70,000, seven Android phones, one Maruti Swift car, one Passion Pro motorcycle from the Link road area of Ghaziabad.On Thursday, three bookies namely, Ramesh Shah, Vikas Chauhan and Ramesh were caught along with cash worth Rs. 4, 40,000, two mobiles and a diary from Landmark Hotel in Kanpur.The arrest had come ahead of the IPL clash between Delhi Daredevils and Gujarat Lions at the Green Park Stadium.The teams were staying at the Landmark Hotel and the bookies were betting from this hotel only.On the same day, the Delhi Police had also busted an IPL betting racket in the Shahdara area of East Delhi and arrested six people.Police had recovered two laptops, 22 mobile phones and LCDs.
The Australian Sports Commission (ASC) is seeking your support as a member of the Australian sport community, to join the ASC in promoting and participating in R U OK? Day. In doing so, you are helping to take a stance towards addressing mental health issues in sport. Every organisation can choose how they would like to be involved in R U OK? Day, all that is asked is that on Thursday, 7 October, you start a conversation with anyone who may be doing it tough and encourage your networks of athletes, coaches, employees and club members to do so as well. Our aim is to bring Australians together in a bid to help prevent the isolation that can lead to outcomes such as people taking their own lives.Staying connected with others is crucial to our general health and wellbeing. Feelings of isolation and being alone are major contributing factors to depression and social issues that can ultimately result in suicide. Regular, meaningful conversations can protect those we know and love.It’s so simple but in the time it takes to have a coffee, you can start a conversation that could change a life.For more information, please click on the following attachments, while the website can be found by clicking on the following link: http://www.ruokday.com.au/content/asc.aspx Related Filesruokday_poster-pdfruokday_overview_and_meeting_guide-pdf
Norwich defender Byram: Our team spirit is sky highby Freddie Taylora month agoSend to a friendShare the loveNorwich City defender Sam Byram is praising the chemistry and unity of the squad as they navigate the Premier League.The newly promoted side got a famous win against Manchester City at the weekend, despite several first team members being out with injury.Byram believes that aside from quality coaching and preparation, the camaraderie in the squad makes it easier for them to push to achieve their goals.”The character and spirit is definitely one of the best I’ve experienced,” he said to the club’s official website. “You can see from everyone, the players on the bench and the players that even weren’t on the bench, everyone wants the team to do well.”That’s the main thing for the unity. Not one player is bigger than the team and you can see that today with the work rate, everyone has got each other’s back.”We had a bit of luck throughout the game but we defended unbelievably well and also had spells in the game where we played some really good football.”We always have belief that we could win. It’s Manchester City and they are an unbelievable team but we’ve got a squad here which is very close-knit.”If someone drops out, someone else can fill in. You know exactly what your job is and I think we showed today the spirit we’ve got and how good we can be.” About the authorFreddie TaylorShare the loveHave your say
Private sector lender ICICI Bank on Thursday has reduced its base rate by 5 basis points (bps) to 9.7 percent with effect from 26 June, 2015. The bank’s new rate is equal to that of State Bank of India (SBI).ICICI Bank, which is India’s second largest bank in terms of market capitalization, had cut its base rate by 25 bps to 9.75 percent in April this year. Many banks had announced similar cuts in base rates in response to 25 bps cut in repo rate by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) at its 2 June meeting.The first was SBI, which announced a 15 bps cut in base rate to 9.7 percent.Overall, the RBI has reduced the key rate by 75 bps since the beginning of the year.On 12 June, Finance Minister Arun Jaitley held a meeting with chiefs of various banks, asking them to pass on the benefits of the recent rate cuts by RBI to end users.Bank credit growth, a major indicator of economic growth, slowed to a two-decade low in the fiscal year ending March 2015. In 2014-15, credit growth was up 9.52 per cent, down from the 13.83 per cent increase in 2013-14.Bankers cite continued tight liquidity conditions and poor uptake in credit growth as reasons for the absence of higher cuts in lending rates.”With effect from July 1, 2010, interest rates on new loans and advances, including consumer loans, are determined with reference to I-Base (ICICI Bank Base Rate),” ICICI Bank said in a statement.
Fed Chair Says this is America’s #1 Threat [leaked in CA mtg] Imagine the secrets Fed chairwoman Janet Yellen is privy to: thwarted bank runs, interest rate spikes… the truth behind major swings in gold prices. So when she confessed America’s #1 risk at a private meeting in California, it’s no surprise word leaked out. She says this event could lead us into a “devastating spiral.” We at Casey Research believe it has already started. Click here for the full story. Recommended Links – — Companies are hiding more from you than you realize… Back in the late 90s, energy company Enron was a Wall Street darling. From 1998 to 2000, its stock surged 342%. It became America’s seventh biggest corporation…but the company was a farce. Management used shady accounting to inflate its sales and profits. When the fraud came to light, Enron’s stock plummeted. In 2001, it filed for bankruptcy. • In April, former Enron CEO Andy Fastow issued a serious warning… Fastow was one of the main actors in the Enron scandal. He spent six years in jail for his crimes. According to Fastow, many corporate executives are now doing what he did at Enron. He even accused tech giant Apple (AAPL) of misleading investors. Business Insider reported: His point – an entirely correct one – is that the world’s largest company today is engaged in tax dodging behavior that, while perhaps technically legal, is clearly designed to increase profits and inflate the stock by misleading and confusing regulators (and perhaps investors) via a massively complex web of entities – exactly what he did at Enron! And this is 100% routine, common behavior among most large US companies. Some people might find Fastow’s claim ridiculous. He is a convicted felon, after all. But Casey readers know better than to trust Corporate America. • Regulators have accused Valeant (VRX) and SunEdison (SUNE) of similar crimes… You’ve probably heard about the drug maker Valeant and the renewable energy company SunEdison. Their downfalls have been two of the year’s biggest investing stories. Like Enron, both companies were hot investments. From January 2013 to July 2015, Valeant gained 332%. SunEdison’s stock surged 892% over the same period. Like Enron, both companies used “creative accounting.” According to The Wall Street Journal, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) is investigating whether “SunEdison misrepresented its cash position to investors as its stock collapsed.” Valeant is under investigation for its pricing and accounting practices. And like Enron, both stocks have crashed. SunEdison plunged 99% before it announced plans to file bankruptcy. Valeant’s stock has plummeted 89%. • The mainstream media paints Valeant and SunEdison as a couple “bad apples”… According to most reports, it’s rare for public companies to pull tricks on investors. But if you’ve been reading the Dispatch, you know that’s not true. For the past few months, we’ve been telling you about the huge surge in share buybacks. A share buyback is when a company buys its own stock from shareholders. Buybacks reduce the number of shares that trade on the market. This boosts a company’s earnings per share, which can lead to a higher stock price. But buybacks do not actually improve the business. They just make it look better “on paper.” According to research firm FactSet, 76% of the companies in the S&P 500 bought back their own shares between November and January. Most companies used debt to pay for these buybacks. The Wall Street Journal reported last week: The biggest 1,500 nonfinancial companies in the U.S. increased their net debt by $409 billion in the year to the end of March, according to Société Générale, using almost all—$388 billion—to buy their own shares, net of newly issued stock. Companies have become far and away the biggest customer for their own shares. • Companies are also using “financial engineering” to make their businesses appear healthier… Financial engineering is when companies use accounting tricks to goose their sales, profits, or cash on the balance sheet. It’s how Enron, Valeant, and SunEdison hid problems from investors. Many other companies are doing similar things… As you may know, U.S. corporations are required to report “GAAP” earnings per share. GAAP-based earnings comply with accepted accounting guidelines. A growing number of companies are also reporting “adjusted” earnings that do not comply with GAAP. Many companies use adjusted earnings to strip out “temporary” factors like the strong dollar or a warm winter. Management decides what to leave out and include when measuring adjusted earnings. • Two-thirds of the companies in the Dow Jones Industrial Average report adjusted earnings… In 2014, adjusted earnings were 12% better than GAAP earnings. Last year, they were 31% better. Companies say adjusted earnings give a more complete picture of their business. But it’s becoming obvious that companies are using non-GAAP earnings to hide weaknesses. As Dispatch readers know, the U.S. is in its weakest “recovery” since World War II. Europe, Japan, and China are all growing at their slowest pace in decades too. With the economy so weak, many companies have had to “get creative” to grow earnings. • Sales for companies in the S&P 500 have fallen four straight quarters… Earnings are on track to decline a fourth straight quarter. That hasn’t happened since the 2008-2009 financial crisis. These results would be even uglier if companies didn’t report adjusted earnings. You see, it’s much easier for companies to mask weak sales or profits when the economy is growing. When the economy slows, those problems become too big to hide. Right now, the global economy is clearly slowing. So expect to hear about more “Enrons” in the coming months. Regards, Justin Spittler Delray Beach, Florida May 10, 2016 We want to hear from you. If you have a question or comment, please send it to firstname.lastname@example.org. We read every email that comes in, and we’ll publish comments, questions, and answers that we think other readers will find useful. • The stock market is a dangerous place to put your money right now… If you’re going to invest in stocks, keep three important things in mind… You should avoid investing in businesses you don’t understand. Many hedge funds wish they had followed this advice with Valeant and SunEdison… Despite these companies’ complex and unclear business models, some of the largest hedge funds in the world invested in them. This earned Valeant and SunEdison the nickname “hedge fund hotels.” We also encourage you to avoid companies with a lot of debt. These firms will struggle to pay the bills as the economy worsens. Finally, we recommend you steer clear of companies that need buybacks to increase earnings. Buybacks can give stocks a temporary boost, but they’re no way to grow a business. In short, money spent on buybacks is money not spent on new machinery, equipment, or anything else that can help a company grow. It’s especially a poor use of cash when stocks are expensive…like they are today. • We encourage you to set aside cash and own physical gold… A cash reserve will help you avoid big losses during the next big selloff. It will also put you in a position to buy world-class businesses for cheap after the “rotten apples” are exposed. Physical gold is another proven way to defend your wealth. Gold has served as real money for centuries because it has a rare set of qualities: It’s durable, transportable, easily divisible, has intrinsic value, and is consistent across the world. It’s also protected wealth through the worst financial crises in history. Investors buy it when they’re nervous about stocks or the economy. This year, gold is up 22%. It’s at its highest level since January 2015. For other proven strategies to protect your money from a stock market crash, watch this short video. In it, you’ll learn how to fully “crisis proof” your wealth. Click here to view this free presentation. Chart of the Day The U.S. stock market is wobbling on one leg… Dispatch readers know buybacks have been a major driver of U.S. stocks. Since 2009, S&P 500 companies have shelled out more than $2 trillion on buybacks. As noted, buybacks can make earnings look better “on paper.” They can also prop up share prices. With the economy slowing and earnings in decline, buybacks have been one of the things keeping stocks afloat…but even that’s starting to give way. Today’s chart compares the performance of PowerShares Buyback Achievers Fund (PKW) this year versus the S&P 500. PKW tracks companies that bought back more than 5% of their shares over the past year. Holdings include McDonald’s (MCD), Lowes (LOWE), and Macy’s (M). From March 2009 to May 2015, PKW gained 314%. The S&P 500 rose 215% over the same period. Since then, PKW has fallen 10%. The S&P 500 is down 3%. Investors appear to be losing confidence in companies that buy a lot of their own stock. That’s a big problem for the stock market, which is showing major signs of weakness. Rickards: “Don’t Buy A Single Ounce Of Gold…” **This is an URGENT warning from Jim Rickards.** If you’ve seen the writing on the wall, like me, you know that gold could soon hit $10,000 per ounce. However, today I’m urging you NOT to buy a single ounce of gold till you read what I have to say. Click here for access to my urgent gold announcement.