For Whom The Bell Tolls; It Tolls For Thee

first_imgPerhaps never in the history of Liberia since its founding in 1822 have church bells in the city of Monrovia tolled as they did on April 10, 1918 when a German submarine bombarded Monrovia. Several lives were reported to have been lost as a consequence of the shelling.Prior to the outbreak of World War I, in 1914, Germany was Liberia’s largest trading partner. The Germans even ran a cable station situated at the time at the Coconut Plantations, South Beach. The Germans maintained a small military garrison to protect the station and, until Liberia joined the Allies and declared war against Germany on August 4, 1917 relations between the two nations were at best cordial.But the declaration of war against Germany and the seizure of all German assets in 1918, opened Liberia to retaliation. The Germans, at the time engaged in active submarine warfare, instituted a naval blockade and dispatched a submarine to Monrovia with a list of demands. But being poor and lacking a standing army, navy or air force, there was virtually nothing the Liberian government could do in the face of the ultimatum from the commander of the German submarine to surrender the French cable station as well as all British, French and American nationals in Liberia.The Liberian government naturally refused to accede to the Germans demand and, as a consequence thereof, the bombardment of Monrovia commenced. For the record, Liberia contributed a small number of troops who served in France although they did not see combat. Further, Liberia stands out as perhaps the only country in West Africa whose capital was bombarded by the Germans. All the while during the hours of bombardment, the Church bells continued to toll in response to President Daniel E. Howard’s call to the nation to supplicate for divine intervention.And divine intervention did come hours later with the appearance of an armed allied merchant ship that engaged the submarine in battle throughout the night. By morning according to historical accounts, the threat had receded as both vessels were reported to have left Liberian territorial waters, although it was not clear if both vessels had suffered damage and sunk as a result of their armed engagement. It is also recorded in history that a proposed loan to replace profits lost as a consequence of Liberia’s involvement in the war on the side of the allies was proposed by President Woodrow Wilson but was blocked by the US Senate.But why is all this recount of history relevant, should the question be asked. The answer is because our President , George Manneh Weah, was on hand in Paris to observe, along with other world leaders, the 100th anniversary of Armistice Day that culminated in the signing of the treaty of Versailles at Versailles, France on November 11, 1918. An estimated nine million combatants and seven million civilians lost their lives as a direct result of the war.But more so, the celebrations were meant to commemorate the sacrifice of those who fell as US President Woodrow Wilson declared, “to make the world safe for democracy”.The celebrations were also intended to remind the world of the perils of returning to the past. And as French President Emmanuel Macron stirringly put it, “old demons are resurfacing” meaning in effect that people should never forget the past lest they be condemned to repeat it as George Santayana famously declared.For us in Liberia, having suffered and are still suffering the effects of a brutal and prolonged civil war, the ghosts of the war that consumed over 250,000 lives have still not been laid to rest. Despite the commission of mass atrocities, there had been no accountability for those bearing the greatest responsibility of the war. War criminals have instead been feted and touted as celebrities, living off the blood and tears of the land and riding roughshod over their victims as brokers and wielders of power.Perhaps President George Weah may not be aware of the fact that his presence in France rubbing shoulders with other world leaders gathered to celebrate what was in effect a death blow to the impunity associated with Imperial German adventurism, imposes on him a special obligation to ensure accountability for those accused of committing war and economic crimes in his own country.The protest demonstration in Monrovia yesterday calling for the establishment of a war crimes court for Liberia should serve to remind President Weah that Liberia, as a member of the international community does have obligations to which attention is due. Amongst such obligations is that imposed by the need to address issues of gross human rights violations, violations of international humanitarian law, egregious domestic crimes and violations of international human rights law.And so when President Weah travels to France to join other world leaders in celebration of Armistice Day, he should reflect on our own “Armistice” which culminated in the signing of the Accra Comprehensive Peace Accord on August 18, 2003. By the time the guns were finally silenced 14 years after the first shots were fired, over 250,000 people had been killed with thousands maimed, disfigured, injured or disabled.Their cries for justice continue to ring out loudly and this newspaper finds it troubling and very discomfiting that their cries have not yet found the receptive ears of President Weah. As this newspaper noted in its November 9th editorial, international goodwill towards President Weah’s government could be undermined by his refusal to act on the recommendations of the TRC, calling for the setting up of an Extraordinary Criminal Tribunal for Liberia.And time is certainly not on his side as the Bells have already begun to toll. Increasing calls are being made and voices are being raised for accountability to which President Weah can no longer remain impervious. As the English poet John Donne reminds us in his piece, “For whom the bell tolls”, we are all Liberians and are part and parcel of God’s divine plan; so the bell does toll for the sake of all who have ears to hear it.Says John Donne in his classic piece, “Meditation 17, Devotions upon Emergent Occasions: “No man is an island, entire of itself; every man is a piece of the continent, a part of the main. If a clod be washed away by the sea, Europe is the less, as well as if a promontory were, as well as if a manor of thy friend’s or of thine own were: any man’s death diminishes me, because I am involved in mankind, and therefore never send to know for whom the bell tolls; it tolls for thee.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)last_img read more

TexasCosta Rica couple helps Cartago children learn English

first_imgRelated posts:US Embassy in San José celebrates Fourth of July, tips hat to Solís White House names Democratic donor as nominee for ambassador to Costa Rica US-Costa Rican man preyed on elderly in million-dollar sweepstakes fraud Nicaragua pleads with US to call off Texas execution English is a universal language in our transnational world; proficiency in English can be the key to a better future, a better job or a scholarship to study abroad.Although English is a required subject in Costa Rican schools, few students graduate with the proficiency and confidence needed to speak it well. Tommy Quinn and Xinia Quirós, Costa Ricans living in Texas, know this well, so they started the Spanglish Foundation to help children in grade school get a jump start on mastering English.Both Quinn and Quirós know what it’s like to learn a new language. Quinn is from Texas but moved to Costa Rica with his Tica mother when he was nine. While he spoke Spanish before the move, he struggled with the switch to full-time Spanish. Quirós made the reverse journey: she was born in Costa Rica, but a family business took her to Texas, where she had to deal with English every day.“She is still learning,” says husband Quinn. Although they speak Spanish at home, because it’s more comfortable, they need English in their business, and try to spend time each day speaking only English.The Spanglish Foundation is their way of paving the road to a better future for kids from their home area.Because of their own backgrounds in Cartago, they’ve started with four schools in that area, with 150 fifth and sixth graders divided into groups of 15.“We chose that age level so that they can finish up the year-and-a-half program before graduating” from primary school, explained Didier Zúñiga who coordinates the program here.  Spanglish is taught in Cervantes, Layola, Quircot and Coris, rural areas near Cartago where students often lack opportunities or help with studies. Students are chosen based on their good grades and attendance records and their desire to learn.The program uses the “Side by Side” series from the United States, a course designed for learning English as a second language. Teachers are English graduates from the University of Costa Rica or the National University, and have experience in English through visits or studies in the United States.Lessons are conducted in English from the minute the class begins. In Cervantes, Karin Pereira uses audiovisuals, computer games and Show and Tell to get students’ English flowing, and all conversation is English. The children, who had been studying with her for ten months during our visit, understood her instructions and answered questions in English. If a student needs help, she gives it – in English.“I want them to enjoy class. The parents want them to learn English. This is an opportunity for them,” she explained, adding that because Cartago attracts its share of tourists, students have access to foreign-language signs, materials and visitors.  At the end of the course, in December, she will test them on reading, writing, listening and speaking.In Layola the class is preparing for an English holiday party. After six months of classes they are able to give presentations with simple sentences and follow their teacher’s instructions.The final measure of their English skills will be the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL), a universally acknowledged assessment for those who plan to use their English to work, study or live in English-speaking countries.“We want to expand the program,” says Didier. “We have requests from other schools, but we need resources to cover the costs. Teachers donate much of their time and equipment, and the program is free for the children. We need company and individual donations to provide more materials and pay teachers better, and include more students.”A donation of $25 will sponsor a child for one month, paying for books, notebooks and pencils and teachers. A donation of $1,000 will help a group of fifteen students for six months.Information on donating in Costa Rica or in the United States is available at previous “Giving Back” stories here.“Giving Back” is an occasional series that seeks to draw attention to the work of nonprofits, community organizations and other donation-based initiatives around the country. Nominations for the series can be sent to us at  Facebook Commentslast_img read more