If this political scientist is right, your genes and the environment make you liberal or conservative.Peter Hatemi’s paper in Trends in Genetics was summarized on PhysOrg, “The role of genes in political behavior.”In the past, social scientists had assumed that political preferences were shaped by social learning and environmental factors, but recent studies suggest that genes also strongly influence political traits. Twin studies show that genes have some influence on why people differ on political issues such as the death penalty, unemployment and abortion. Because this field of research is relatively new, only a handful of genes have been implicated in political ideology and partisanship, voter turnout, and political violence.Future research, including gene-expression and sequencing studies, may lead to deeper insights into genetic influences on political views and have a greater impact on public policy.Instead of mere social determinism, Hatemi now argues for social plus environmental determinism. “The emergence of this research has sparked a broad paradigm shift in the study of political behaviors toward the inclusion of biological influences and recognition of the mutual co-dependence between genes and environment in forming political behaviors,” the abstract explains. How Hatemi (a political scientist and molecular biologist at the University of Sydney) exempts himself from these influences enough to write about as if detached from them it is not clear. It’s not clear what constitutes “insight” in such a view. Nor is it clear whose genetically-determined leanings should have sway on public policy.Those who think these are easy questions should look at Douglas Heaven’s entry on New Scientist, “Location of the mind remains a mystery.” Science Daily tries to offer an explanation for how the brain generates consciousness and introspection, but in so doing, reveals the difficulties: “Clearly, neuroscience is only beginning to understand how the human brain can generate a phenomenon as complex as self-awareness.” Any theory that cannot give an account of the location of the mind is surely not ready to explain how genes or the environment influence that mind.Another cure for determinism is David Chalmers’ video posted at Evolution News, where the noted philosopher of mind claims that the “hard problem” of consciousness (how neural circuitry produces conscious experience) will never be solved by science. See also our 8/18/2012 entry, “Mind Your Brain.”Determinists are proud people with a Yoda complex, thinking they live on an exalted plane above their fellow beings, analyzing and explaining them in terms of the materials inside and outside their brains. Pay them no attention; evolution makes them think that way (see Self-Refuting Fallacy and think about it). (Visited 23 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
The sights and sounds associated with an Olympic Games are very different from any other sporting event in the world.The Olympics are the mother of all sporting events and nothing else even comes close to matching the scale — on or off the field of play.Even when an athlete finishes his or her competition, they can stay at the Games Village till the end of the Games and take in the sights and sounds on display, not to mention watching other athletes strut their stuff against the world’s best.While a lot of Indian athletes, such as bronze medal-winning shuttler Saina Nehwal as well as bronze and silver medal winning shooters, Gagan Narang and Vijay Kumar, have gone back home after the completion of their events, some have stayed back.Indian discus thrower Krishna Poonia is one such athlete who has stayed back — not only watch others compete, but cheer for her contingent.Poonia, who finished seventh in the discus final, enjoyed watching the men’s 100 meters final last week. A couple of days later, she came to the Excel Arena with her husband-cum-coach to cheer for Indian boxing star Vijender Singh.
Two days after betting rackets were busted in Delhi and Kanpur, six more bookies have been arrested with Rs 70,000 from Ghaziabad in connection with the Indian Premier League (IPL) betting.The police caught the six bookies red-handed along with Rs 70,000, seven Android phones, one Maruti Swift car, one Passion Pro motorcycle from the Link road area of Ghaziabad.On Thursday, three bookies namely, Ramesh Shah, Vikas Chauhan and Ramesh were caught along with cash worth Rs. 4, 40,000, two mobiles and a diary from Landmark Hotel in Kanpur.The arrest had come ahead of the IPL clash between Delhi Daredevils and Gujarat Lions at the Green Park Stadium.The teams were staying at the Landmark Hotel and the bookies were betting from this hotel only.On the same day, the Delhi Police had also busted an IPL betting racket in the Shahdara area of East Delhi and arrested six people.Police had recovered two laptops, 22 mobile phones and LCDs.
The Australian Sports Commission (ASC) is seeking your support as a member of the Australian sport community, to join the ASC in promoting and participating in R U OK? Day. In doing so, you are helping to take a stance towards addressing mental health issues in sport. Every organisation can choose how they would like to be involved in R U OK? Day, all that is asked is that on Thursday, 7 October, you start a conversation with anyone who may be doing it tough and encourage your networks of athletes, coaches, employees and club members to do so as well. Our aim is to bring Australians together in a bid to help prevent the isolation that can lead to outcomes such as people taking their own lives.Staying connected with others is crucial to our general health and wellbeing. Feelings of isolation and being alone are major contributing factors to depression and social issues that can ultimately result in suicide. Regular, meaningful conversations can protect those we know and love.It’s so simple but in the time it takes to have a coffee, you can start a conversation that could change a life.For more information, please click on the following attachments, while the website can be found by clicking on the following link: http://www.ruokday.com.au/content/asc.aspx Related Filesruokday_poster-pdfruokday_overview_and_meeting_guide-pdf
Norwich defender Byram: Our team spirit is sky highby Freddie Taylora month agoSend to a friendShare the loveNorwich City defender Sam Byram is praising the chemistry and unity of the squad as they navigate the Premier League.The newly promoted side got a famous win against Manchester City at the weekend, despite several first team members being out with injury.Byram believes that aside from quality coaching and preparation, the camaraderie in the squad makes it easier for them to push to achieve their goals.”The character and spirit is definitely one of the best I’ve experienced,” he said to the club’s official website. “You can see from everyone, the players on the bench and the players that even weren’t on the bench, everyone wants the team to do well.”That’s the main thing for the unity. Not one player is bigger than the team and you can see that today with the work rate, everyone has got each other’s back.”We had a bit of luck throughout the game but we defended unbelievably well and also had spells in the game where we played some really good football.”We always have belief that we could win. It’s Manchester City and they are an unbelievable team but we’ve got a squad here which is very close-knit.”If someone drops out, someone else can fill in. You know exactly what your job is and I think we showed today the spirit we’ve got and how good we can be.” About the authorFreddie TaylorShare the loveHave your say